L.L.B. or Bachelor of Legislative Law is the graduate law degree offered by Indian universities. The course duration for L.L.B. is generally three years. However there are two options to pursue an undergraduate law degree. One is 3 years course whose eligibility is graduation and the other is integrated which is five year duration course for 10+2 pass students. Graduates from any field can opt for the LLB course. The course is divided into six semesters in most of the law universities.
LLB course is considered prestigious and a lawyer is revered in society as he has the knowledge of laws that are very essential part in many aspects of life. Apart from this factor Law degree holders can find job opportunities in both private and public sectors. Although most of the lawyers prefer to become advocate and practice law as profession.
Law education in India was started in 1987. The BCI (Bar Council of India) is the main regulatory body of Law education in India. The first law University in India was established in Bangalore named as “National Law School of India University”. Currently there are 16 National Law Universities in India. Apart from these universities there are about 100 other law schools in India.
Course Structure A L.L.B. course is generally comprised in six semesters. During the 3 year course, students get the LLB (General) after the successful completion of the 4 semesters and LLB Degree is given after the 6 semesters. The basic course structure in most of the Indian Universities include,
2. Tutorial Work
3. Moot Courts
4. Practical Training Programs.
Eligibility Of the Bachelor of Laws [L.L.B.]
The basic eligibility criteria for L.L.B. admission is graduation. Candidates applying for this course should have completed their graduation. There is also a criterion for minimum marks required in graduation which may vary from institute to institute. Generally 45% marks in graduation are required for general category and 40% for reserved categories. There is no age limit for taking admission in this course.
Admissions are done either on the basis of marks in qualifying degree or through some entrance test. Students who are in final year of their graduation degree can also apply for entrance tests conducted for LLB admissions.
How to Get Admission in Bachelor of Laws [L.L.B.]
There are two modes of admission in law schools. You can get direct admission or you can take entrance test. There are various entrance tests conducted for LLB admission in India. Most of the law schools of India offer admission on the basis of performance in Common Law Admission Test.
Entrance Tests for Law Schools/Universities
CLAT- Common Law Entrance Test is conducted by National Law Universities for admissions to LLB courses.
LSAT- Law School Admission Test is a globalized entrance test and many Indian universities consider its score for LLB admission.
AILET- All India Law Entrance Test is conducted by National Law University Delhi
LAWCET- Law Common Entrance Test is conducted by Colleges and Universities in Andhra Pradesh for admission to LLB programs
The LL.M. (Master of Laws) is an internationally recognized postgraduate law degree. It is usually obtained by completing a one-year full-time program. Law students and professionals frequently pursue the LL.M. to gain expertise in a specialized field of law, for example in the area of tax law or international law. Many law firms prefer job candidates with an LL.M. degree because it indicates that a lawyer has acquired advanced, specialized legal training, and is qualified to work in a multinational legal environment.
In most countries, lawyers are not required to hold an LL.M. degree, and many do not choose to obtain one. An LL.M. degree by itself generally does not qualify graduates to practice law. In most cases, LL.M. students must first obtain a professional degree in law, e.g. the Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.) in the United Kingdom or the Juris Doctor (J.D.) in the United States, and pass a bar exam or the equivalent exam in other countries, such as the Zweites Staatsexamen in Germany. While the general curriculum of the LL.B. and J.D. is designed to give students the basic skills and knowledge to become lawyers, law students wishing to specialize in a particular area can continue their studies with an LL.M. program. Some universities also consider students for their LL.M. program who hold degrees in other related areas, or have expertise in a specific area of law.
Graduation requirements for an LL.M. program vary depending on the respective university guidelines. Some programs are research-oriented and require students to write a thesis, while others only offer a number of classes that students must take to complete the course of study. Many LL.M. programs combine both coursework and research. Part-time programs are also available for professionals wishing to complete their LL.M. while working full-time.
Prospective students should be aware that there is no universal definition for the term LL.M. It is used in different ways by institutions around the world. Particularly in the United States and Germany, LL.M. programs are often designed to teach foreign lawyers the basic legal principles of the host country. In this regard, the LL.M. can help lawyers seeking to relocate and practice in another country, or expand their area of practice to multinational issues. The completion of an LL.M. program, however, does not automatically qualify foreign students to take the bar exam in their host country. In the U.S., for example, some states allow foreign lawyers to seek admission to the bar upon completion of an LL.M., while in other states, a J.D. is required.
LL.M. is an abbreviation of the Latin Legum Magister, which means Master of Laws. In Latin, the plural form of a word is abbreviated by repeating the letter. Hence, “LL.” is short for “laws.” Legum is the possessive plural form of the Latin word lex, which means “specific laws”, as opposed to the more general concept embodied in the word jus, from which the word juris and the modern English word “justice” are derived.